Preliminary Results of the 2014 Test Excavations: The Hell Gap Well Section

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Martin, Houston L.
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Archaeology , Hell Gap , Wyoming , Guernsey
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Investigations at the Hell Gap Site (48GO305) have focused largely on its Paleoindian components. Decades of research have been important in developing cultural chronologies for the terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene and provided insight into the behavior and lifeways of the early residents of Northwest Plains (Irwin-Williams et al. 1973; Larson et al. 2009). However, the Hell Gap valley has archaeological components representing most periods of human occupation of the High Plains and the Rocky Mountains, specifically, there is evidence from the Early Archaic to Late Prehistoric to the historic period in the valley, comprising over 8000 years of post-Paleoindian human presence at Hell Gap. These later occupations have been subject to limited investigation, but have great potential for future research. This preliminary report describes the context and results of test excavations at the Well Section, a locality containing Late Archaic and Late Prehistoric archaeology near what was referred to as Locality IV of the Hell Gap archaeological site.
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